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How Are Thai Massage and Yoga Connected?

How are thai massage and yoga connected?

The origins of Thai Massage

Thai Massage and yoga are part of the same family. The similarities are quite obvious if you just watch the two systems in action.

Image of the historical founder of Thai Massage
The historical founder of Thai Massage, Jivaka Komarpaj

According to legend, Thai Massage was introduced in Thailand about 2500 years ago by an Indian physician, a contemporary of Buddha, and he brought with him his knowledge of yoga and yoga therapy.

This physician, Jivaka Komarabhacca (one of several possible ways to spell it) is not only revered in Thailand, but in some other Buddhist countries in Asia as well.

Therefore the term Thai Yoga Massage is quite appropriate, although this term is not used at all in Thailand, but only by Western practitioners.

But the yoga aspect of Thai Massage is not its only or even main aspect. Besides the yoga-like stretches, there are other elements like massaging, rocking, traction, energy line work, and kneading.

Therefore labeling Thai Massage as ‘applied yoga’ is only partially correct since the stretches are just one of its many elements.

The original Thai yoga never became popular in Thailand

rue sri datton the Thai version of yoga
Rue Sri Datton – the Thai version of yoga

There actually is a form of Thai yoga in Thailand, but it is not widely known and is hardly practiced by anyone.

So Thai Massage arrived along with yoga, but the massage flourished and the yoga, for the most part, faded or was forgotten by most Thais.

It is extremely rare to find someone in Thailand who is practicing Rue Sri Datton – the Thai version of yoga.

The history of Thai Massage – fact or fiction?

Although the history of its Indian founder Jivaka is the commonly accepted version of events in Thailand, it is based on legend, and obviously nobody knows for sure if this is how it actually happened.

Some researchers dispute this version of the origin of Thai Massage, but it is mostly accepted as a fact in Thailand.

Thai Massage schools typically recite a prayer to Jivaka before the training starts, and they would be quite offended if you would question this practice and insinuate that they might be offering homage to a mythical teacher.

It doesn’t really matter if the timeline of historical events is accurate or not.
The connection between yoga and Thai Massage is so obvious that it just lends itself to forming a partnership between these two systems.

Similarities between yoga and Thai Massage

One area where the connection is obvious is the stretches that both systems have in common. In Thai Massage they are done by the therapist to the client – so they are passive stretches.

In yoga, the practitioners perform the stretches on their own, making them active stretches. However many are quite similar in the two systems, and the connection is plainly visible.

Another area where there are similarities is the energy lines that both systems share. They are not identical, but similar. In yoga they are called ‘nadis’, and in Thai Massage ‘sen lines’.

To learn Thai Massage, check out Thai Healing Massage Academy’s convenient and in-depth online training program:

The Indian yoga system is catching on in Thailand

Thai woman practicing yoga

Nowadays there are quite a number of yoga schools in Thailand’s tourist areas. Initially, almost all of them were run by foreigners for foreign students.

However in recent years, the Thais have been catching up with this trend, and now there are more Thais teaching yoga.

But still, the yoga styles which they are practicing and teaching are mostly based on the Indian yoga system, and not on Thailand’s own yoga style.

yoga school in Thailand
Yoga class in Chiang Mai, Thailand

In the larger cities the Thais are starting to take an interest in yoga – specifically the Indian version of yoga – and now there are many yoga schools run by Thais for Thai students.

The foreigners and the Thais generally don’t mix much in these yoga classes. One reason is the language barrier.

According to a Thai yoga teacher friend of mine, the other reason is that the Thais approach yoga, as well as life in general, in a more relaxed, easy-going way. In contrast, Westerners often have a more serious or rigid attitude toward their yoga practice.

The Thais feel that Western yoga classes tend to be more competitive rather than more relaxed, social events.

Who popularized Thai Massage recently?

Thai Massage back stretch
Thai Massage back and shoulder stretch

For centuries massage and herbal medicine were standard and effective treatments in Thailand until modern medicine appeared on the scene and changed the perception of healing.

At that time Thai Massage lost some of its popularity. It was resurrected by foreigners who were fascinated by this unique healing art. They began to write books about it, produced Thai Massage videos, and started Thai Massage schools.

yoga bridge
Yoga bridge – the similarity to the Thai Massage version is obvious

On one side the growing popularity of Thai Massage resulted in a degeneration of the quality of this healing art.

Mostly, Thai Massage was either done on a tourist level or it often became a thinly disguised come-on for sexual services.

However, at the same time western therapists started to take it very seriously as a massage therapy.

They reintroduced yoga principles and created a huge demand among Westerners for Thai Massage education and treatments in Thailand.

There are countless Thai Massage schools in Thailand, and most of them are catering primarily to foreigners.

Then the Thai government started to make a serious effort to raise the standard of Thai Massage by setting up training facilities for Thais, licensing therapists and schools, issuing official certificates, and promoting higher standards.

By 2019 they succeeded in having Thai Massage recognized by UNESCO as part of their cultural heritage list which features important traditions and practices. UNESCO is the United Nations agency for education, culture, and science.

Thai Massage and yoga – the ideal combination

Externally Thai Massage seems to be a sequence of stretches and pressure points, a mechanical bodywork system. But when it is combined with yoga principles and energy aspects, it becomes a true healing art.

Mindfulness, awareness of one’s own body and the client’s body, working from one’s ‘hara’, the energetic center right behind the navel, awareness of one’s breath, conscious channeling of healing energy, and increased sensitivity of touch all greatly increase the quality and effectiveness of the treatment.

Thai Massage can be much more than a technique. The combination of yoga principles with Thai bodywork is not only an ideal combination, but it brings Thai Massage back to its roots of yoga. After all, they are part of the same family.

To learn Thai Massage, check out Thai Healing Massage Academy’s convenient and in-depth online training program:

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author's picture

The author, Shama Kern, has been practicing and teaching Thai Massage for over two decades. He is the founder of Thai Healing Massage Academy and the creator of 20 Thai Massage online training courses.

3 thoughts on “How Are Thai Massage and Yoga Connected?”

  1. Thai massage is excellent and it does wonders in helping the blood circulate, relieve pain, and making a person relax. It did flourish and is a very popular kind of massage. I agree with your statement that yoga and massage is part of the same family. Thanks for sharing your insights.

  2. As I go deeper into Ayurveda & Yoga, and study the movements of Prana according to the classical Vedic Texts. The connection between Thai Massage & Yoga is so clear. There are 5 directions or movements of prana in the body according to the classical vedic texts. Thai Massage energy line work, and how we practice working the lines on the legs up-down, arms up & down, up the spine and down, plus in the belly, and focusing on breath, all match the 5 movements of prana, that Ayurveda says is essential in preparing the body for deeper levels of healing! So cool.


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